THE REPTILES OF AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIAN REPTILE PHOTOS, DISTRIBUTION MAPS AND INFORMATION
Covering Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles and Turtles, including Colubrid snakes, Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Gecko's, Legless Lizards, Monitor Lizards (often called Goanna's in Australia), Skinks and Crocodilia.

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COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes

PYTHON SNAKES - Pythonidae

ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes

SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

FILE SNAKES - Acrochordidae

BLIND SNAKES - Worm Snakes - Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops

 

Colubrids & Mud Snakes

Pythons

 

 

Elapid Snakes

 

Sea Snakes

 

File Snakes

 

Blind Snakes

 

TURTLES Tortoises Chelonii Testudines

DRAGON LIZARDS Agamas Agamidae

GECKO LIZARDS Gekkonidae

LEGLESS LIZARDS Pygopodidae Pygopods

MONITOR LIZARDS Goannas Varanids Varanidae

SKINK LIZARDS Scincidae

CROCODILES Crocodylia Crocodilia Saltwater freshwater estuarine

Turtles Tortoises

Dragons Agamas

Geckos

 

Legless Lizards

Monitor Lizards

Skinks

 

Crocodiles

 

A Listing of Australian Elapid Snakes
Distribution Key

SERPENTES(SNAKES)
Family Elapidae (Elapid Snakes)

ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes
The Elapid family are front fanged snakes and this family includes the Australian dangerous land snakes as well as the Cobras found overseas.
There are also many small species and many of those have weak venoms and are not dangerous to humans.

Sea Snakes are often been placed in their own family, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family
CLICK HERE FOR SEA SNAKES

* indicates a new or recently updated page.

 

COMMON NAME (INTERNAL LINK)

SCIENTIFIC NAME
(EXTERNAL LINK)

DISTRIBUTION

Common Death Adder

Acanthophis antarcticus

NSW,Qld,SA,WA

*Kimberley Death Adder

Acanthophis cryptamydros

(Kimberly region) WA

* Barkley Death Adder

Acanthophis hawkei

NT, Qld (Barkley Tablelands)

North-eastern Death Adder

Acanthophis praelongus

Qld. (NOT FOUND IN NT)

Desert Death Adder

Acanthophis pyrrhus

NT,Qld,SA,WA

* Top End Death Adder Rough-scaled Death Adder or Papuan Death Adder

Acanthophis rugosus

NT, Qld?, New Guinea

* Pilbara Death Adder

Acanthophis wellsei ( was Acanthophis wellsi)

WA

*Common Robust Burrowing Snake

Antaioserpens albiceps (split from Antaioserpens warro)

North-eastern Qld

*Southern Robust Burrowing Snake

Antaioserpens (was Simoselaps) warro

Charleville region Qld

Pigmy Copperhead

Austrelaps labialis

SA

Highlands Copperhead

Austrelaps ramsayi

NSW,Vic

*Lowlands copperhead

Austrelaps superbus

NSW,SA,Tas,Vic

North-western Shovel-nosed Snake

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) approximans

WA

Australian Coral Snake

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) australis

NSW,Qld,SA,Vic

*Einasleigh Shovel-nosed Snake

Brachyurophis campbelli

Cape York QLD

Narrow-banded Burrowing Snake

Brachyurophis fasciolatus (was Simoselaps fasciolata)

NSW,NT,Qld,SA,WA

Unbanded Shovel-nosed Snake

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) incinctus

NT,Qld

Arnhem Shovel-nosed Snake

Brachyurophis morrisi

WA

Northern Shovel Nosed Snake

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) roperi
(split from Brachyurophis semifasciatus )

NT,WA

Half-girdled Snake (Subspecies?

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) campbelli
(split from Brachyurophis semifasciatus )

Cape York QLD

Half-girdled Snake

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) semifasciatus

NT,SA,WA

Cape York Shovel-nosed Snake

Brachyurophis semifasciatus woodjonesii
(split from Brachyurophis semifasciatus ) Status uncertain

Qld

Northern Dwarf Crowned Snake

Cacophis churchilli

Qld

White-Crowned Snake

Cacophis harriettae

NSW,Qld

*Dwarf Crowned Snake

Cacophis krefftii

NSW,Qld

Golden Crowned Snake

Cacophis squamulosus

NSW,Qld

*Carpentaria Whip Snake

Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) boschmai

Qld

Pink Snake

Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) incredibilis

Qld

*Eastern Small-eyed Snake

Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) nigrescens

NSW,Qld,Vic

Black-striped Snake

Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) nigrostriatus

Qld

Northern (Western) Small-eyed Snake

Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) pallidiceps

NT,WA

*Narrow-headed Whipsnake

Demansia angusticeps

NT,WA

Black-necked Whipsnake

Demansia calodera

WA

*Carpentarian Whipsnake

Demansia flagellatio

North-eastern Qld

Olive Whip Snake

Demansia olivacea

WA,NT,Qld?

Greater Black (Papuan)Whip Snake

Demansia papuensis

NT,Qld,WA
(not found in New Guinea)

*Yellow-Faced Whipsnake

Demansia psammophis

NSW,Qld,SA,Vic, (Excluding snakes known as Demansia psammophis reticulata)

*Sombre Whipsnake

Demansia quaesitor

WA,NT,Qld

*Reticulated (or Desert) Whipsnake

Demansia reticulata
previously known as Demansia psammophis reticulata

SA,NT,WA

*Crack-dwelling Whipsnake

Demansia rimicola

NT,WA,Qld NSW,SA

*Rufous Whipsnake

Demansia rufescens

WA

*Shine's Whipsnake

Demansia shinei

NT,WA

Grey Whipsnake

Demansia simplex

NT,WA

Collared Whip Snake

Demansia torquata

NSW,NT,Qld,SA(?)

*Lesser Black Whip Snake

Demansia vestigiata (was Demansia atra)

NT,Qld,WA

De Vis Banded Snake

Denisonia devisii

NSW,Qld

Ornamental Snake

Denisonia maculata

Qld

White-Lipped Snake

Drysdalia (Elapognaphus) coronoides

NSW,SA,Tas,Vic

Masters' Snake

Drysdalia (Elapognaphus) mastersii

,SA,Vic,WA NSW(?)

Mustard Bellied Snake

Drysdalia (Elapognaphus) rhodogaster

NSW

Bardick

Echiopsis curta

NSW,SA,Vic,WA

Little Brown Snake

Elapognathus minor

WA

Red-naped Snake

Furina diadema

NSW,Qld,SA,Vic

*Orange-naped Snake

Furina ornata

NT,Qld,SA,WA

Yellow-naped Snake

Glyphodon barnardi

Qld

Dunmall's Snake

Glyphodon dunmalli

Qld

Brown-headed Snake

Glyphodon tristis

Qld

Grey Snake

Hemiaspis damelii

NSW,Qld

Marsh Snake or
Black-bellied Swamp Snake

Hemiaspis signata

NSW,Qld

Pale-headed Snake

Hoplocephalus bitorquatus

NSW,Qld

Broad-headed Snake

Hoplocephalus bungaroides

NSW

Stephens' Banded Snake

Hoplocephalus stephensii

NSW,Qld

Krefft's Black Tiger Snake

Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater ater)

SA

Tasmanian Tiger Snake

Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater humphreysi)

Tas

Peninsula Black Tiger Snake

Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater niger)

SA

Chappel Island Tiger Snake

Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater serventyi)

Tas (Offshore Islands)

Western Tiger Snake

Notechis scutatus occidentalis

WA

*Eastern or Mainland Tiger Snake

Notechis scutatus scutatus

NSW,Qld,SA,Vic,Tas

*Inland Taipan or Fierce Snake

Oxyuranus microlepidotus

NSW, Qld, SA,Vic(?) NT?

Coastal Taipan

Oxyuranus scutellatus

NSW,NT,Qld,WA

*Western Desert or Central Ranges Taipan

Oxyuranus temporalis

WA, SA? NT?

Dwyer's Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) dwyeri

NSW,Qld

Little Whip Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) flagellum

NSW,SA,Vic

*Gould's Hooded Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) gouldii

WA

Monk Snake or Hooded Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) monachus

NSW,NT,SA,WA

Mallee Black-backed Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) nigriceps

NSW,SA,Vic,WA

Spectacled Hooded Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) spectabilis bushi

Esperance region, WA (Possibly extinct)

Spectacled Hooded Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) spectabilis nullarbor

(Nullarbor Plain) SA,WA

Spectacled Hooded Snake

Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) spectabilis spectabilis

NSW,Qld,SA,Vic

Lake Cronin Snake

Paroplocephalus (was Echiopsis) atriceps

WA

King Brown or Mulga Snake

Pseudechis australis

NSW,NT,Qld,SA,WA

Butler's Snake

Pseudechis butleri

WA

Collett's Snake

Pseudechis colletti

Qld

Blue-bellied or Spotted Black Snake

Pseudechis guttatus

NSW,Qld

* Eastern Pygmy Mulga Snake (False King Brown Snake)

Pseudechis pailsei

Qld, NT

Papuan Black Snake

Pseudechis papuanus

Qld (Saibai Island)

Red-bellied Black Snake

Pseudechis porphyriacus

NSW,Qld,SA,Vic

* Western Pygmy Mulga Snake (False King Brown Snake)

Pseudechis weigeli

WA

*Common Dugite

Pseudonaja affinis affinis

WA ,SA

*Rottnest Island Dugite

Pseudonaja affinis exilis

(Rottnest Island) WA

*Recherche Archipelago Dugite

Pseudonaja affinis tanneri

(Boxer Island , Figure of Eight Island )WA

*Western Brown Snake (Eastern Species) or Strap Snouted Brown Snake

Pseudonaja aspidorhyncha

SA, NSW?

Speckled Brown Snake

Pseudonaja guttata

NT,Qld,SA

Peninsula Brown Snake

Pseudonaja inframacula

SA,WA(?)

Ingram's Brown Snake

Pseudonaja ingrami

NT,Qld,WA

Gwarder (or Gwardar ) (Western Brown Snake)

Pseudonaja mengdeni

SA,WA,NT

Ringed Brown Snake

Pseudonaja modesta

NSW,NT,Qld,SA,WA

*Western Brown Snake (Northern Species)

Pseudonaja nuchalis

NT,Qld ?

Common or Eastern Brown Snake

Pseudonaja textilis

NSW,NT,Qld,SA,Vic

Muller's Snake or Square-nosed snake

Rhinoplocephalus bicolor

WA

Nullarbor Hooded Snake

Rhinoplocephalus nullarbor

SA,WA

Northern Desert Banded Snake

Simoselaps anomalus

NT,SA,WA

Jan's Desert Banded Snake

Simoselaps bertholdi

NT,SA,WA

Western Black-naped Snake

Neelaps (was Simoselaps) bimaculatus (was bimaculata)

SA,WA

Western Black-striped Snake

Neelaps (was Simoselaps) calonotus

WA

Coastal Burrowing Snake

Simoselaps littoralis

WA

Dampierland Burrowing Snake

Simoselaps minimus (=minima)

WA

Rosen's Snake

Suta (was Denisonia) fasciata

WA

Ord Curl Snake

Suta (was Denisonia) ordensis

NT(?),WA

Little Spotted Snake

Suta (was Rhinoplocephalus) punctata

NT,Qld,WA

Myall or Curl Snake

Suta (was Denisonia) suta

NSW,NT,Qld,SA,Vic,WA

Rough-scaled Snake

Tropidechis carinatus

NSW,Qld

Bandy Bandy

Vermicella annulata

NSW,ACT,NT,Qld,SA,Vic

Intermediate Bandy Bandy

Vermicella intermedia

NT,WA (Far north of these states)

Northern Bandy Bandy

Vermicella multifasciata

NT,WA (Far north of these states)

Pilbara Bandy Bandy

Vermicella snelli

WA (Pilbara area)

Centralian Bandy Bandy

Vermicella vermiformis

NT (Central Australia)


Sea Snakes are often been placed in their own family,
however many experts now consider them to be in the Elapid family

CLICK HERE FOR SEA SNAKES

 

DISTRIBUTION KEY
Click on the abbreviation below to see a map of the area

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NSW = New South Wales

Qld = Queensland

Vic = Victoria

SA = South Australia

WA = Western Australia

Tas = Tasmania

ACT = Australian Capital Territory (inside NSW)

NT = Northern Territory

CKI = Cocos (Keeling) Island

CI = Christmas Island

LHI = Lord Howe Island

NI = Norfolk Island

 

Australia map


Click here for more information about Australian Elapid Snakes

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Updated October 5, 2017

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