Covering Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles and Turtles, including Colubrid snakes, Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Gecko's, Legless Lizards, Monitor Lizards (often called Goanna's in Australia), Skinks and Crocodilia.


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Colubrids & Mud Snakes

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A Listing of Australian Elapid Snakes
Distribution Key

Family Elapidae (Elapid Snakes)

ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes
The Elapid family are front fanged snakes and this family includes the Australian dangerous land snakes as well as the Cobras found overseas.
There are also many small species and many of those have weak venoms and are not dangerous to humans.

Sea Snakes are often been placed in their own family, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family


If only maps are available, the locality will be highlighted. Otherwise, click on the common name.

* indicates a new or recently updated page.



Common Death Adder Acanthophis antarcticus NSW,Qld,SA,WA
*Kimberley Death Adder Acanthophis cryptamydros (Kimberly region) WA
North-eastern Death Adder Acanthophis praelongus Qld. (NOT FOUND IN NT)
Desert Death Adder Acanthophis pyrrhus NT,Qld,SA,WA
* Top End Death Adder Rough-scaled Death Adder or Papuan Death Adder Acanthophis rugosus (includes specimens previously called Acanthophis hawkei) NT, Qld, New Guinea
* Pilbara Death Adder Acanthophis wellsei ( was Acanthophis wellsi) WA
*Common Robust Burrowing Snake Antaioserpens albiceps (split from Antaioserpens warro) North-eastern Qld
*Southern Robust Burrowing Snake Antaioserpens (was Simoselaps) warro Charleville region Qld
Pigmy Copperhead Austrelaps labialis SA
Highlands Copperhead Austrelaps ramsayi NSW,Vic
Lowlands copperhead Austrelaps superbus NSW,SA,Tas,Vic
North-western Shovel-nosed Snake Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) approximans WA
Australian Coral Snake Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) australis NSW,Qld,SA,Vic
*Einasleigh Shovel-nosed Snake Brachyurophis campbelli Cape York QLD
Narrow-banded Burrowing Snake Brachyurophis fasciolatus (was Simoselaps fasciolata) NSW,NT,Qld,SA,WA
Unbanded Shovel-nosed Snake Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) incinctus NT,Qld
Arnhem Shovel-nosed Snake Brachyurophis morrisi WA
Northern Shovel Nosed Snake

Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) roperi
(split from Brachyurophis semifasciatus )

Half-girdled Snake (Subspecies? Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) campbelli
(split from Brachyurophis semifasciatus )
Cape York QLD
Half-girdled Snake Brachyurophis (was Simoselaps) semifasciatus NT,SA,WA
Cape York Shovel-nosed Snake Brachyurophis semifasciatus woodjonesii
(split from Brachyurophis semifasciatus ) Status uncertain
Northern Dwarf Crowned Snake Cacophis churchilli Qld
*White-Crowned Snake Cacophis harriettae NSW,Qld
*Dwarf Crowned Snake Cacophis krefftii NSW,Qld
Golden Crowned Snake Cacophis squamulosus NSW,Qld
*Carpentaria Whip Snake Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) boschmai Qld
Pink Snake Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) incredibilis Qld
Eastern Small-eyed Snake Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) nigrescens NSW,Qld,Vic
Black-striped Snake Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) nigrostriatus Qld
Northern (Western) Small-eyed Snake Cryptophis (was Rhinoplocephalus) pallidiceps NT,WA
Lesser Black Whip Snake Demansia atra NT,Qld,WA
Black-Necked Whipsnake Demansia calodera WA
Olive Whip Snake Demansia olivacea NT,Qld,WA
Greater Black (Papuan)Whip Snake Demansia papuensis NT,Qld,WA
*Yellow-Faced Whipsnake Demansia psammophis (status uncertain) NSW,Qld,SA,Vic, (Excluding snakes known as Demansia psammophis reticulata)
*Reticulated (or Desert) Whipsnake

Demansia reticulata (status uncertain)
also known as Demansia psammophis reticulata

SA,NT,WA (status uncertain)
*Reticulated (or Desert) Whipsnake (Subspecies)

Demansia reticulata cupreiceps (status uncertain)
also known as Demansia psammophis reticulata

SA,NT,WA (status uncertain)
Grey Whip Snake Demansia simplex NT,WA
Collared Whip Snake Demansia torquata NSW,NT,Qld,SA(?)
De Vis Banded Snake Denisonia devisii NSW,Qld
Ornamental Snake Denisonia maculata Qld
White-Lipped Snake Drysdalia (Elapognaphus) coronoides NSW,SA,Tas,Vic
Masters' Snake Drysdalia (Elapognaphus) mastersii ,SA,Vic,WA NSW(?)
Mustard Bellied Snake Drysdalia (Elapognaphus) rhodogaster NSW
Bardick Echiopsis curta NSW,SA,Vic,WA
Little Brown Snake Elapognathus minor WA
Red-naped Snake Furina diadema NSW,Qld,SA,Vic
*Orange-naped Snake Furina ornata NT,Qld,SA,WA
Yellow-naped Snake Glyphodon barnardi Qld
Dunmall's Snake Glyphodon dunmalli Qld
Brown-headed Snake Glyphodon tristis Qld
Grey Snake Hemiaspis damelii NSW,Qld
Black-bellied Swamp or Marsh Snake Hemiaspis signata NSW,Qld
Pale-headed Snake Hoplocephalus bitorquatus NSW,Qld
Broad-headed Snake Hoplocephalus bungaroides NSW
Stephens' Banded Snake Hoplocephalus stephensii NSW,Qld
Krefft's Black Tiger Snake

Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater ater)

Tasmanian Tiger Snake Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater humphreysi)
Peninsula Black Tiger Snake Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater niger)
Chappel Island Tiger Snake Now called Notechis scutatus scutatus
(was Notechis ater serventyi)
Tas (Offshore Islands)
Western Tiger Snake Notechis scutatus occidentalis WA
*Eastern or Mainland Tiger Snake Notechis scutatus scutatus NSW,Qld,SA,Vic,Tas
*Inland Taipan or Fierce Snake Oxyuranus microlepidotus NSW, Qld, SA,Vic(?) NT?
Coastal Taipan Oxyuranus scutellatus NSW,NT,Qld,WA
*Western Desert or Central Ranges Taipan Oxyuranus temporalis WA, SA? NT?
Lake Cronin Snake Paroplocephalus (Echiopsis) atriceps WA
Little Whip Snake Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) flagellum NSW,SA,Vic
Black-headed Snake Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) gouldii WA
Hooded Snake Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) monachus NSW,NT,SA,WA
Mallee Black-backed Snake Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) nigriceps NSW,SA,Vic,WA
Spectacled Hooded Snake Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) spectabilis NSW,Qld,SA,Vic,WA
Dwyer's Snake Parasuta (was Suta & Rhinoplocephalus) dwyeri NSW,Qld
King Brown or Mulga Snake Pseudechis australis NSW,NT,Qld,SA,WA
Butler's Snake Pseudechis butleri WA
Collett's Snake Pseudechis colletti Qld
Blue-bellied or Spotted Black Snake Pseudechis guttatus NSW,Qld
*False King Brown Snake Pseudechis pailsei Qld, NT, WA
Papuan Black Snake Pseudechis papuanus Qld (Saibai Island)
Red-bellied Black Snake Pseudechis porphyriacus NSW,Qld,SA,Vic
*Common Dugite Pseudonaja affinis affinis WA ,SA
*Rottnest Island Dugite Pseudonaja affinis exilis (Rottnest Island) WA
*Recherche Archipelago Dugite Pseudonaja affinis tanneri (Boxer Island , Figure of Eight Island )WA
*Western Brown Snake (Eastern Species) or Strap Snouted Brown Snake Pseudonaja aspidorhyncha SA, NSW?
Speckled Brown Snake Pseudonaja guttata NT,Qld,SA
Peninsula Brown Snake Pseudonaja inframacula SA,WA(?)
Ingram's Brown Snake Pseudonaja ingrami NT,Qld,WA
Gwarder (or Gwardar ) (Western Brown Snake) Pseudonaja mengdeni SA,WA,NT
Ringed Brown Snake Pseudonaja modesta NSW,NT,Qld,SA,WA
*Western Brown Snake (Northern Species) Pseudonaja nuchalis NT,Qld ?
Common or Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis NSW,NT,Qld,SA,Vic,WA
Muller's Snake or Square-nosed snake Rhinoplocephalus bicolor WA
Nullarbor Hooded Snake Rhinoplocephalus nullabor SA,WA
Northern Desert Banded Snake Simoselaps anomalus NT,SA,WA
Jan's Desert Banded SnakeSimoselaps bertholdi NT,SA,WA
Western Black-naped Snake Neelaps (was Simoselaps) bimaculatus (was bimaculata) SA,WA
Western Black-striped Snake Neelaps (was Simoselaps) calonotus WA
Coastal Burrowing Snake Simoselaps littoralis WA
Dampierland Burrowing Snake Simoselaps minimus (=minima) WA
Rosen's Snake Suta (was Denisonia) fasciata WA
Ord Curl Snake Suta (was Denisonia) ordensis NT(?),WA
Little Spotted Snake Suta (was Rhinoplocephalus) punctata NT,Qld,WA
Myall or Curl Snake Suta (was Denisonia) suta NSW,NT,Qld,SA,Vic,WA
Rough-scaled Snake Tropidechis carinatus NSW,Qld
Bandy Bandy Vermicella annulata NSW,ACT,NT,Qld,SA,Vic
Intermediate Bandy Bandy Vermicella intermedia NT,WA (Far north of these states)
Northern Bandy Bandy Vermicella multifasciata NT,WA (Far north of these states)
Pilbara Bandy Bandy Vermicella snelli WA (Pilbara area)
Centralian Bandy Bandy Vermicella vermiformis NT (Central Australia)

Sea Snakes are often been placed in their own family,
however many experts now consider them to be in the Elapid family



Click on the abbreviation below to see a map of the area


NSW = New South Wales

Qld = Queensland

Vic = Victoria

SA = South Australia

WA = Western Australia

Tas = Tasmania

ACT = Australian Capital Territory (inside NSW)

NT = Northern Territory

CKI = Cocos (Keeling) Island

CI = Christmas Island

LHI = Lord Howe Island

NI = Norfolk Island


Australia map

Click here for more information about Australian Elapid Snakes

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Updated May 12, 2017