THE REPTILES OF AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIAN REPTILE PHOTOS, DISTRIBUTION MAPS AND INFORMATION
This site covers Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles and Turtles, including Colubrid snakes, Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Gecko's, Legless Lizards, Monitor Lizards (often called Goanna's in Australia), Skinks and Crocodilia.

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COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes

PYTHON SNAKES - Pythonidae

ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes

SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

FILE SNAKES - Acrochordidae

BLIND SNAKES - Worm Snakes - Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops

 

Colubrids & Mud Snakes

Pythons

 

 

Elapid Snakes

 

Sea Snakes

 

File Snakes

 

Blind Snakes

 

TURTLES Tortoises Chelonii Testudines

DRAGON LIZARDS Agamas Agamidae

GECKO LIZARDS Gekkonidae

LEGLESS LIZARDS Pygopodidae Pygopods

MONITOR LIZARDS Goannas Varanids Varanidae

SKINK LIZARDS Scincidae

CROCODILES Crocodylia Crocodilia Saltwater freshwater estuarine

Turtles Tortoises

Dragons Agamas

Geckos

 

Legless Lizards

Monitor Lizards

Skinks

 

Crocodiles

 


NORTHWESTERN (or DARWIN) CARPET PYTHON
Morelia spilota variegata
As most captive Northwestern Carpet Pythons come from the general area around Darwin, they are usually referred to as "Darwin Carpets" in the Pet trade, however the subspecies occurs in Western Australia and Queensland as well as a large area of Northern Territory and New Guinea.

Note that The Papuan Carpet Python which is sometimes referred to as Morelia spilota harrisoni is also currently Morelia spilota variegata

Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python  

NORTHWESTERN (or DARWIN) CARPET PYTHON - Australian distribution map
Map shows approximate Australian distribution. This sub-species also occurs in New Guinea.

Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python
Many pythons look at their best when they first get their adult patterning (above).
The snake in the 2 pictures below still has its hatchling coloration, typical for young Darwin Carpet Pythons

Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python
©2018 John Fowler and Rachel Barnes


Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python
©2018 John Fowler and Rachel Barnes

This young snake has its body in a coil and its mouth open ready to strike. Note the strongly forked tongue present in all snakes and some lizards, and just behind that is the glottis (breathing tube) which can be extended forward when the snake is swallowing large food to allow it to continue feeding.

Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python
©2018 John Fowler and Rachel Barnes

Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python


©2018 John Fowler and Rachel Barnes

Notice what is left of the egg sac in the video above. It either gets absorbed or dries up after hatching.

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ALBINO CARPET SNAKES

Morelia spilota variegata Darwin or Northwestern Carpet Python

All albino Carpet Snakes in captivity in Australia are descended from this subspecies, however it appears some have been crossed with other subspecies. Note that crossing subspecies in South Australia (and possibly some other states) is illegal. My understanding is that there were 2 original albino snakes. One of those was called Blondie who is probably the best known snake in Australia .The story of Blondie can be found here and pictures here.

If you cross an albino with a "normal" carpet python you will get no albino babies,
but all babies will be carrying the albino gene because the "normal" gene is dominant, whereas the albino gene is recessive.
A normal looking snake carrying the albino gene is called a Het (short for Heterozygous)

normal x normal = all normal

het x normal = 1/4 het. 3/4 albino

het x het = 1/4 albino 1/2 het 1/4 normal

het x albino = 1/2 albino 1/2 het

albino x albino = all albino 

Note that when you cross a het with an albino there is no easy way of telling which snakes are normal and which ones are hets,
however the chance that a normal looking snake from this clutch is a het is 66% so the babies are called 66% hets.

A snake which known to definitely be a het is often called a 100% het to differentiate it from a 66% het.


The Papuan Carpet Python
(Morelia spilota variegata from New Guinea)

OTHER LINKS OF INTEREST

Click here for a complete list of Australian Pythons


INFORMATION ABOUT AUSTRALIAN PYTHONS
Australianherpetology.com

PYTHON SPECIES OF THE WORLD
by John Fowler

BOA SPECIES OF THE WORLD
by John Fowler

Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia 7th Edition.jpg A Complete Guide to Reptiles of Australia 5th edition Edition

OTHER LINKS

Find_a_Random_Species_of Australian_Reptile

Visit the Australian Herpetology Website

 

About John Fowler | About John Hollister | Report Faulty Link | Report an Error | Contact John Fowler Author of the Australian Herpetology Website and Holiday in Kos - Owner of the Adelaide Reptile Forum

Contact John Hollister Author of John Hollister Reptile Collection - Herping the Trans-Pecos & Rattlesnake Roundup

©2018 John Fowler and John Hollister. All rights reserved. Reproduction or re-use of information or materials from this web site is strictly prohibited and against international law. (NOTE:- No permission is needed to link to this web page)

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Updated May 29, 2018

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