A Listing of Australian Sea Snakes
Distribution Key      SEA KRAITS

THE REPTILES OF AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIAN REPTILE PHOTOS, DISTRIBUTION MAPS AND INFORMATION
Covering Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles and Turtles, including Colubrid snakes, Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Gecko's, Legless Lizards, Monitor Lizards (often called Goanna's in Australia), Skinks and Crocodilia.

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HOME COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes PYTHON SNAKES - Pythonidae ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits FILE SNAKES - Acrochordidae BLIND SNAKES - Worm Snakes - Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops TURTLES Tortoises Chelonii Testudines DRAGON LIZARDS Agamas Agamidae GECKO LIZARDS Gekkonidae LEGLESS LIZARDS Pygopodidae Pygopods MONITOR LIZARDS Goannas Varanids Varanidae SKINK LIZARDS Scincidae CROCODILES Crocodylia Crocodilia Saltwater freshwater estuarine

Colubrids & Mud Snakes

Pythons Elapid Snakes Sea Snakes File Snakes Blind Snakes Turtles Tortoises Dragons Agamas Geckos Legless Lizards Monitor Lizards Skinks Crocodiles

 

SERPENTES (SNAKES)
SEA SNAKES

Sea Snakes are often placed in their own familiy, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family

All sea snakes have a paddle shaped tail


Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)

(Previously Family Hydrophiidae)

TABLE 1 - TRUE SEA SNAKES
THESE SNAKES ARE LIVEBEARERS THAT SPEND THEIR ENTIRE LIFE IN THE SEA

Common Name
Scientific Name
Distribution
Horned Sea Snake Acalyptophis peronii NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA
Short-nosed Sea Snake  Aipysurus apraefrontalis WA
Reef Shallows or Dubois's Sea Snake Aipysurus duboisii NT,Qld,WA
Stagger-banded or Spine-tailed Sea Snak Aipysurus eydouxii NT,Qld,WA
Leaf-scaled Sea Snake Aipysurus foliosquama WA(Ashmore and Scott
Dusky Sea Snake Aipysurus fuscus WA(Ashmore Reef)
Golden or Olive Sea Snake Aipysurus laevis NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA
Mosaic Sea Snake Aipysurus mosaicus NT,Qld,WA
Brown-lined Sea Snake Aipysurus tenuis WA
Stokes's Sea Snake Astrotia stokesii NSW,NT,Qld,WA
Spectacled Sea Snake Disteira kingii NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA
Olive-headed Sea Snake Disteira major NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA
Turtle-headed Sea Snake Emydocephalus annulatus NT,Qld,WA
Beaked Sea Snake Enhydrina schistosa NT,Qld
North-western Mangrove Sea Snake Ephalophis greyi NT(?),WA
Black-ringed Mangrove Sea Snake Hydrelaps darwiniensis NT,Qld,WA
Black-headed Sea Snake Hydrophis atriceps NT,WA(?)
Belcher's Sea Snake Hydrophis belcheri NT(?),Qld(?)
Dwarf Sea Snake Hydrophis caerulescens Qld
Slender-necked Sea Snake Hydrophis coggeri WA
Fine-spined Sea Snake Hydrophis czeblukovi WA
Rough-scaled Sea Snake Hydrophis donaldi Qld
Elegant Sea Snake Hydrophis elegans NSW,NT,Qld,WA
Geometrical Sea Snake Hydrophis geometricus WA
Slender Sea Snake Hydrophis gracilis Qld
Plain Sea Snake Hydrophis inornatus NT,WA(?)
Small-headed Sea Snake Hydrophis mcdowelli NT,Qld,WA
Belcher'sSea Snake Hydrophis melanocephalus NT(?),WA
Black-banded Robust Sea Snake Hydrophis melanosoma NT(?),Qld,WA(?)
Ocellated Sea Snake Hydrophis ocellatus (was Hydrophis ornatus ocellatus) NSW,NT,Tas,Qld,WA
Large-headed Sea Snake Hydrophis pacificus NT,Qld
Estuarine Sea Snake Hydrophis vorisi Qld(Torres Strait)
Spine-bellied Sea Snake Lapemis hardwickii NT,Qld,WA
Norther Mangrove Sea Snake Parahydrophis mertoni NT,Qld
Yellow-bellied Sea Snake Pelamis platurus NSW,NT,Qld,Tas,Vic,WA

Sea Kraits are often been placed in their own families, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family

Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)


(Previously Family Laticaudidae)

TABLE 2 - SEA KRAITS
THESE SNAKES ARE EGGLAYERS THAT LAY THEIR EGGS ON LAND

Scientific Name
Common Name
Distribution
Laticauda colubrina Wide-faced or Yellow Lipped Sea Krait NSW,Qld
Laticauda laticaudata Large Scaled Sea Krait NSW,Qld

DISTRIBUTION KEY
Click on the abbreviation below to see a map of the area
CI = Christmas Island
CKI = Cocos (Keeling) Island
NSW = New South Wales
NT = Northern Territory
Qld = Queensland
SA = South Australia
Tas = Tasmania
Vic = Victoria
WA = Western Australia
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Updated April 8, 2017