A Listing of Australian True Sea Snakes and Sea Kraits

THE REPTILES OF AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIAN REPTILE PHOTOS, DISTRIBUTION MAPS AND INFORMATION
Covering Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles and Turtles, including Colubrid snakes, Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Gecko's, Legless Lizards, Monitor Lizards (often called Goanna's in Australia), Skinks and Crocodilia.

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COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes

PYTHON SNAKES - Pythonidae

ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes

SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

FILE SNAKES - Acrochordidae

BLIND SNAKES - Worm Snakes - Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops

 

Colubrids & Mud Snakes

Pythons

 

 

Elapid Snakes

 

Sea Snakes

 

File Snakes

 

Blind Snakes

 

TURTLES Tortoises Chelonii Testudines

DRAGON LIZARDS Agamas Agamidae

GECKO LIZARDS Gekkonidae

LEGLESS LIZARDS Pygopodidae Pygopods

MONITOR LIZARDS Goannas Varanids Varanidae

SKINK LIZARDS Scincidae

CROCODILES Crocodylia Crocodilia Saltwater freshwater estuarine

Turtles Tortoises

Dragons Agamas

Geckos

 

Legless Lizards

Monitor Lizards

Skinks

 

Crocodiles

 

 

SERPENTES (SNAKES)
TRUE SEA SNAKES

Sea Snakes are often placed in their own family, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family

All sea snakes have a paddle shaped tail


Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)

(Previously Family Hydrophiidae)

TABLE 1 - TRUE SEA SNAKES
THESE SNAKES ARE LIVEBEARERS THAT SPEND THEIR ENTIRE LIFE IN THE SEA

Common Name

Scientific Name

Distribution

Horned Sea Snake

Acalyptophis peronii

NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA

Short-nosed Sea Snake 

Aipysurus apraefrontalis

WA

Reef Shallows or Dubois's Sea Snake

Aipysurus duboisii

NT,Qld,WA

Stagger-banded or Spine-tailed Sea Snake

Aipysurus eydouxii

NT,Qld,WA

Leaf-scaled Sea Snake

Aipysurus foliosquama

WA(Ashmore and Scott

Dusky Sea Snake

Aipysurus fuscus

WA(Ashmore Reef)

Golden or Olive Sea Snake

Aipysurus laevis

NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA

Mosaic Sea Snake

Aipysurus mosaicus

NT,Qld,WA

Brown-lined Sea Snake

Aipysurus tenuis

WA

Stokes's Sea Snake

Astrotia stokesii

NSW,NT,Qld,WA

Spectacled Sea Snake

Disteira kingii

NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA

Olive-headed Sea Snake

Disteira major

NSW(?),NT,Qld,WA

Turtle-headed Sea Snake

Emydocephalus annulatus

NT,Qld,WA

Beaked Sea Snake

Enhydrina schistosa

NT,Qld

North-western Mangrove Sea Snake

Ephalophis greyi

NT(?),WA

Black-ringed Mangrove Sea Snake

Hydrelaps darwiniensis

NT,Qld,WA

Black-headed Sea Snake

Hydrophis atriceps

NT,WA(?)

Belcher's Sea Snake

Hydrophis belcheri

NT(?),Qld(?)

Dwarf Sea Snake

Hydrophis caerulescens

Qld

Slender-necked Sea Snake

Hydrophis coggeri

WA

Fine-spined Sea Snake

Hydrophis czeblukovi

WA

Rough-scaled Sea Snake

Hydrophis donaldi

Qld

Elegant Sea Snake

Hydrophis elegans

NSW,NT,Qld,WA

Geometrical Sea Snake

Hydrophis geometricus

WA

Slender Sea Snake

Hydrophis gracilis

Qld

Plain Sea Snake

Hydrophis inornatus

NT,WA(?)

Small-headed Sea Snake

Hydrophis mcdowelli

NT,Qld,WA

Belcher's Sea Snake

Hydrophis melanocephalus

NT(?),WA

Black-banded Robust Sea Snake

Hydrophis melanosoma

NT(?),Qld,WA(?)

Ocellated Sea Snake

Hydrophis ocellatus (was Hydrophis ornatus ocellatus)

NSW,NT,Tas,Qld,WA

Large-headed Sea Snake

Hydrophis pacificus

NT,Qld

Estuarine Sea Snake

Hydrophis vorisi

Qld(Torres Strait)

Spine-bellied Sea Snake

Lapemis hardwickii

NT,Qld,WA

Norther Mangrove Sea Snake

Parahydrophis mertoni

NT,Qld

Yellow-bellied Sea Snake

Pelamis platurus

NSW,NT,Qld,Tas,Vic,WA

SEA KRAITS
Sea Kraits are often been placed in their own families, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family

Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)


(Previously Family Laticaudidae)

TABLE 2 - SEA KRAITS
THESE SNAKES ARE EGGLAYERS THAT LAY THEIR EGGS ON LAND

Scientific Name

Common Name

Distribution

Laticauda colubrina

Wide-faced or Yellow Lipped Sea Krait

NSW,Qld

Laticauda laticaudata

Large Scaled Sea Krait

NSW,Qld

DISTRIBUTION KEY
Click on the abbreviation below to see a map of the area

CI = Christmas Island
CKI = Cocos (Keeling) Island
NSW = New South Wales
NT = Northern Territory
Qld = Queensland
SA = South Australia
Tas = Tasmania
Vic = Victoria
WA = Western Australia

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Updated October 10, 2017

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