QLD SEA SNAKES - SPECIES LISTING

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REPTILES OF QUEENSLAND

COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes

QUEENSLAND PYTHON SNAKES - Pythonidae

Qld ELAPID SNAKES - Elapidae Cobras Coral Snakes

QLD SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

FILE SNAKES - Acrochordidae

Qld BLIND SNAKES - Worm Snakes - Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops

TURTLES Tortoises Chelonii Testudines

QUEENSLAND DRAGON LIZARDS Agamas Agamidae

GECKO LIZARDS Gekkonidae

Queensland LEGLESS LIZARDS Pygopodidae Pygopods

Queensland MONITOR LIZARDS Goannas Varanids Varanidae

Skinks of Queensland

Qld CROCODILES Crocodylia Crocodilia Saltwater freshwater estuarine

Reptiles of the World


QUEENSLAND - SEA SNAKES


TRUE SEA SNAKES OF QUEENSLAND

Sea Snakes are often placed in their own family, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family

All sea snakes have a paddle shaped tail


Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)

(Previously Family Hydrophiidae)

Elegant Sea Snake (Hydrophis elegans)

Sea Snakes are often placed in their own family, however now many experts now consider them to be in the Elapid family

All true Sea Snakes and Sea Kraits have a paddle shaped tail

All Sea Snakes and Sea Kraits all have fangs at the front of their mouths and most are believed to have extremely potent venom, however bites to humans are rare and snakes in the Emydocephalus genus are not considered dangerous due to a highly degenerated venom system!


Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)

(Previously Family Hydrophiidae)

 

TABLE 1 - TRUE SEA SNAKES
THESE SNAKES ARE LIVEBEARERS THAT SPEND THEIR ENTIRE LIFE IN WATER

 

* Indicates a new or recently updated page.

Common Name

Scientific Name

Distribution

Horned Sea Snake

Acalyptophis (or Hydrophis) peronii

NSW, NT, Qld, WA

Reef Shallows or Dubois's Sea Snake

Aipysurus duboisii

NT, Qld, WA

Stagger-banded or Spine-tailed Sea Snake

Aipysurus eydouxii

NT, Qld, WA

Golden or Olive Sea Snake

Aipysurus laevis

NSW(?), NT, Qld, WA

Mosaic Sea Snake
or Mjoberg's Sea Snake

Aipysurus mosaicus

NT, Qld, WA

Stoke's Seasnake

Astrotia (or Hydrophis) stokesii

NSW, NT, Qld, WA

Spectacled Sea Snake

Hydrophis (or Disteira) kingii

NSW(?), NT, Qld, WA

Olive-headed Sea Snake
or Greater Sea Snake

Hydrophis (or Disteira) major

NSW(?), NT, Qld, WA

Turtle-headed Sea Snake (Harmless)

Emydocephalus annulatus

NT, Qld, WA (also around and some islands in the Pacific Ocean including the Philippines and the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia.

Beaked Sea Snake

Enhydrina schistosa

Arabian/Persian Gulf (Oman, United Arab Emirates [UAE], Iran, etc.) south of the Seychelles
SE Asian Sea: Pakistan, India (Kerala, Gujarat), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar , Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia (Borneo: incl. Sabah, Sarawak)
Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland),
New Guinea

Zweifel's Sea Snake

Enhydrina zweifeli (provisional name) split from Enhydrina schistosa

NT, Qld, New Guinea

Black-ringed Mangrove Sea Snake

Hydrelaps darwiniensis

NT, Qld, WA

Belcher's Sea Snake

Emydocephalus orarius

NT(?), Qld(?)

Dwarf Sea Snake

Hydrophis caerulescens

Qld

Spine-bellied Sea Snake

Hydrophis (was Lapemis) curtus

NT, Qld, WA through S.E. Asia to the Persian Gulf

Belcher's Sea Snake
or Faint Banded Sea Snake

Hydrophis belcheri

Northern Waters away from the coast between Australia, Indonesia and New Guinea

Rough-scaled Sea Snake

Hydrophis donaldi

Qld

Elegant Sea Snake

Hydrophis elegans

NSW, NT, Qld, WA, SA

Slender Sea Snake

Hydrophis (or Microcephalophis) gracilis

Qld

Hardwicke’s Spine-bellied Sea Snake

Hydrophis (was Lapemis) hardwickii (was curtis hardwickii)
STATUS UNCERTAIN - see Hydrophis curtus

NT, Qld, WA

Plain Sea Snake

Hydrophis (or Chitulia) inornatus

NT, WA(?)

Small-headed Sea Snake

Hydrophis mcdowelli

NT, Qld, WA

Black-banded Robust Sea Snake

Hydrophis (or Mediohydrophis) melanosoma

NT(?), Qld, WA(?)

Ocellated Sea Snake (obsolete see Ornate Reef Seasnake)

Hydrophis ocellatus (obsolete - now called Hydrophis ornatus)

NSW, NT, Tas, Qld, WA

Ornate Reef Seasnake

Hydrophis ornatus (was called Hydrophis ocellatus)

NSW, NT, Tas, Qld, WA

Large-headed Sea Snake

Hydrophis pacificus

NT, Qld

Horned Sea Snake

Hydrophis (or Acalyptophis) peronii

NSW, NT, Qld, WA

Common Yellow-bellied Sea Snake

Hydrophis (was Pelamis) platurus platurus

NSW, NT, Qld, Tas, Vic, WA, CKI, CI, NI, LHI, SA?

Stoke's Seasnake

Hydrophis (or Astrotia) stokesii

NSW, NT, Qld, WA

Estuarine Sea Snake

Hydrophis vorisi

Qld (Torres Strait)

Northern Mangrove Sea Snake

Parahydrophis mertoni

NT, Qld

 

SEA KRAITS
This herpetological image is displayed at the  Reptiles of Australia website and may be covered by Copyright by the owner of the image
Sea Kraits are often been placed in their own families, however now many experts consider them to be in the Elapid family

Family Elapidae
Subfamily Hydrophiinae (Sea Snakes)


(Previously Family Laticaudidae)

TABLE 2 - SEA KRAITS
THESE SNAKES ARE EGGLAYERS THAT LAY THEIR EGGS ON LAND

Scientific Name

Common Name

Distribution

Wide-faced or Yellow Lipped Sea Krait

Laticauda colubrina

NSW?, Qld, CKI
may possibly occassionally wander into NSW waters

Large Scaled Sea Krait

Laticauda laticaudata

NSW, Qld may possibly occassionally wander into NSW waters

 


DISTRIBUTION KEY
Click on the abbreviation below to see a map of the area

CI = Christmas Island

CKI = Cocos (Keeling) Island

NSW = New South Wales

NT = Northern Territory

Qld = Queensland

SA = South Australia

Tas = Tasmania

Vic = Victoria

WA = Western Australia

NI = Norfolk Island

LHI = Lord Howe Island

ACT = Australian Capital Territory
(Canberra region only - excludes Jervis Bay Territory)

 

Australia map

LINKS OF INTEREST

Sea Snakes
School of Biomedical Sciences 

Australian Sea Snakes
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RECOMMENDED AMAZON BOOKS
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A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of Australia A Complete Guide to Reptiles of Australia 5th edition Edition

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SEA SNAKES BY STATE OR TERRITORY

SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

SOUTH AUSTRALIAN SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

SEA SNAKES OF NSW

QLD SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

NT SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

WA SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

SEA SNAKES OF VICTORIA

SEA SNAKES OF TASMANIA - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

Sea Snakes
of
Australia

Sea Snakes
of South
Australia

Sea Snakes
of
NSW

Sea Snakes
of
Qld

Sea Snakes
of
NT

Sea Snakes
of
WA

Sea Snakes
of
Victoria

Sea Snakes
of
Tasmania





REPTILE SPECIES LISTS BY STATE OR TERRITORY

Reptiles of South Australia
REPTILES OF VICTORIA
REPTILES OF NSW REPTILES OF QUEENSLAND Reptiles of the ACT(Canberra)

Reptiles of South Australia

Reptiles
of
Victoria

Reptiles
of
NSW

Reptiles
of
Qld

Reptiles
of the
ACT

Reptiles of Tasmania




Reptiles of Lord Howe Island

Reptiles of Christmas Island

Reptiles
of Cocos Keeling Islands

Reptiles of Norfolk Island






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Reptiles of Australia

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Frogs
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Contact John Fowler Author of the Australian Herpetology Website, Pythons of the World, - Owner of the Adelaide Reptile Forum

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Updated August 12, 2022


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