THE REPTILES OF AUSTRALIA - ELAPIDS

AUSTRALIAN REPTILE PHOTOS AND INFORMATION
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Reptiles of the World

EASTERN BROWN SNAKE
Pseudonaja textilis

Highly Venomous - Extremely Dangerous

Eastern Brown Snakes Pseudonaja textilis
This beautiful half grown Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) was photographed in the Canberra (ACT)

Approximate distribution of the Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
Approximate distribution of the Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis)


Young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) photographed at Onkaparinga, near Adelaide, South Australia
Young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) photographed at Onkaparinga, near Adelaide, South Australia

Young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) photographed at Onkaparinga, near Adelaide, South Australia
Young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) photographed at Onkaparinga, near Adelaide, South Australia

Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
This Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) was photographed at Billabong Zoo, NSW


Eastern or  common brown snake - Pseudonaja textilis
Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis)

This young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) that has almost lost its head markings, was photographed in the Sturt Gorge, South Australia
This young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) that has almost lost its head markings, was photographed in the Sturt Gorge, South Australia

This young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) that has almost lost its head markings, was photographed in the Sturt Gorge, South Australia
This young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) was photographed in the Sturt Gorge, South Australia

Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
Juvenile Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) photographed near Dublin, South Australia

Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
Juvenile Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) photographed near Dublin, South Australia

Eastern or  common brown snake - Pseudonaja textilis
Juvenile Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) from Seaham, NSW, just North-west of Newcastle

Juvenile Eastern Brown Snakes (Pseudonaja textilis) normally have a black head plus a ring around their neck, however many other snakes, legless lizards and some skinks have similar head markings.
Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
Bands may or may not be present on the body. The bands usually vanish as the snake matures.

Eastern Brown Snake Pseudonaja textilis
The above 2 photos of a young Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) from the Adelaide region show the most commonly seen pattern on juveniles of this species.

Eastern or  common brown snake - Pseudonaja textilis
Juvenile Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) from South Australia

Eastern or  common brown snake - Pseudonaja textilis  
Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis)

Eastern or  common brown snake - Pseudonaja textilis
Adult Eastern Brown Snakes (Pseudonaja textilis) may vary in colour and patterning depending on geographic location, as well as varying between individuals in one locality. They may also have speckles, blotches banding and/or other patterning.

Brown snakes and many other venomous snakes do not always inject venom when biting, however due to the extremely high toxicity of the venom and lack of symptoms in many individuals that have been envenomated, it is vital that first aid is performed immediately (Constrictive bandage etc) and the patient is taken immediately to hospital.

Correct and immediate treatment for Brown and other dangerous snakes increase the chance of survival.

Brown snakes have one of the most toxic snake venoms in the world, often ranked at number 2 worldwide, behind the Inland taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus), and bites are quite common, however despite that it ranks very low on a world wide scale when rated by human deaths, which would be on average less than 1 human death per year.
Compare that to the Saw scaled viper (not found in Australia) which has a less toxic venom, but is responsible for tens of Thousands of deaths per year.
Surprisingly nobody has died from a bite of an Inland taipan Oxyuranus microlepidotus!


Although people are commonly bitten by dangerous snakes in Australia, the actual number of deaths is actually very low, due to antivenines and medical procedures.

Brown snakes are often described as aggressive! However most snakes behaviour is best described as defensive. They are the most common "large" snake that I encounter in the wild, and occasionally they will rear up (before retreating), especially if startled. However they normally just try and get away as soon as they can, unless cornered. If you attack one or pick one up however, this species will usually not hesitate to bite.

LINKS OF INTEREST

Click here for a complete list of Elapid Snakes found in South Australia

Click here for a complete list of Elapid Snakes found in the ACT


Click here for more Information about Australian Elapid Snakes


RECOMMENDED AMAZON BOOKS
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Australian Snakes In Captivity (A Guide to) Working with Snakes: A comprehensive information and training manual for professional Australasian snake consultants Kindle Edition

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OTHER LINKS

Find a Random Species of Australian Reptile

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About John Fowler | About John Hollister | Report Faulty Link | Report an Error

Contact John Fowler Author of the Australian Herpetology Website, Pythons of the World, BoaSnakes.info, PetGecko.info and Holiday in Kos - Owner of the Adelaide Reptile Forum

Contact John Hollister Author of John Hollister Reptile Collection - Herping the Trans-Pecos & Sweetwater, Texas Rattlesnake Roundup

Copyright 2020 John Fowler, Rachel Barnes and John Hollister. All rights reserved. Reproduction or re-use of information or materials from this web site is strictly prohibited and against international law. (NOTE:- No permission is needed to link to this web page)


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Updated December 14, 2020

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